Up and running
The basic project started in autumn 2015 is an important bridge between the ongoing strategic project AGENT-3D_Strategie and the technology projects. The detailed results of a stakeholder analysis gained in the strategic process are used to define socio-political, economic, business, technological and legal framework conditions and to reveal ways to positively influence these factors. AGENT-3D_Basis generates important basic findings with a focus on interdisciplinary application, to then be employed in the subsequent collaborative project. The five topics of AGENT-3D_Basis are:
- Impact of socio-economic factors on the development opportunities of additive manufacturing
- Copyright / patent law, product liability, competition law requirements
- New pathways of construction and design
- Process reliability, materials and quality management
- Interfaces and standardization
Measuring and testing center
The new measuring and testing center for Additive Manufacturing built in collaboration with the University of Technology Dresden, Fraunhofer IWS, IPK and IWU, guarantees continual growth in expertise in test and measurement engineering for additive manufactured components throughout the entire project lifetime of AGENT-3D. The requested tools will complement the existing measuring and testing tools. All consortium partners can make use of the innovative equipment and expertise. At the same time, the diversity of research issues will establish a wide-ranging fund of knowledge of inner and outer component characteristics. Even after the end of project funding, a competence center for the measuring and testing of additive manufactured products will have been set up for users from industry and research. The construction of this center secures permanent access to equipment and expertise. The described investments serve as a basis for future collaborative projects to tackle technological problems, which can then be solved together with all partners in secure environments using appropriate test equipment and comprehensive software. Clearly, dedicated software and test equipment are needed to achieve a better understanding of the processes, data and materials. Based on these, standard parameters will be determined for testing equipment and software in order to develop the data stream and industrially applicable routines for the various stages in the process chain (engineering, preparation, production and quality test) in future technology projects.
Strategy project AGENT-3D_Strategie II
The overall goal of project AGENT-3D_Strategie II is to update the scientific, technological, organizational and economic roadmap created within the strategy project AGENT-3D_Strategie II. This ongoing strategy development is based on the original visionary target fields and their transformation into technologically feasible intermediate objectives. The aim is for the project to prepare a decision-making basis for strategy adaption. The extended board of directors (strategic council) will decide on this foundation in consultation with the scientific advisory board.
Innovation management project
Innovation management project
The overall goal of project AGENT-3D_Management is to coordinate and accompany the implementation of strategy undertaken by the innovative association AGENT-3D. In addition, services are provided to our members. The project is the follow-up to the first strategy phase, which was funded until June of 2015, and continues these initial activities. The project is closely linked to the AGENT-3D_Strategie II running in parallel, providing information from the technology project (research and development project) and the basic project to AGENT-3D-Strategie II in order to assist the strategic preparation of decisions. AGENT-3D_Management supports activities in the fields of research and development within the technology and basic projects by sharing results, cross-links and interfaces. The funded marketing of technological expertise will serve to disseminate innovative R&D results to the public and experts. The project forms the operational base of the overall project AGENT-3D. In addition to public funding, consortium members are required to provide some own funding (as members of AGENT-3D e.V.).
Technology project AGENT-elF
The aim of AGENT-eIF (Additive Manufacturing Technologies for Integration of Electronic Functionalities) is to realize the additive manufacturing of three-dimensional components with integrated electrical and converter functionalities of multi-material systems in one device or process. The results are compounds of previously unprocessed (or hard to process) materials in which sensory elements can be integrated depending on requirements. The dispenser printing method is one such robust additive manufacturing technology, which is flexible in use and supports the integration of electric functionalities. Based on this technology, a complete plant for the entire process chain can be developed. Preliminary laboratory prototypes can be created for three chosen applications: “printed electrical conduction paths”, “sensors and converter” and “thermos electrics”.
Technology project FunGeoS
The project “Functional geometry structures – construction principles for Additive Manufacturing (FunGeoS)” aims at the development and industrial implementation of additive manufactured functional structures for various industrial applications. The geometrical structures should enable novel functions such as extreme strength-to-weight-ratios with optimal flow of forces, excellent heat transfer, filtration as well as integrated supply and disposal of gaseous and fluid technical media, e.g. compressed air or lubricant to the area of operation. The intention is for the FunGeoS project to consider every imaginable and practical characteristic and type of functional structure. For example, these can be: microstructures, regular lattice/ framework structures, homogeneous, graded and auxetic or locally non-uniform structures, macrostructures including bionic or topologically optimized structures. Such structures with particularly high industrial relevance should be investigated in more detail and practically demonstrated.
Technology project IMPRoVe
Based on the original objectives and the goals described in the roadmap 2.0 of AGENT-3D, IMPRoVe aims to minimize and eliminate cost and production restrictions as well as promote a major expansion in the industrial applications of additive manufacturing. The proposed solution is hybrid machining, a combination of additive manufacturing with conventional or additive manufactured semi-finished products. New pathways will be revealed through representative industry prototypes, which will be technologically and economically evaluated with respect to their potentials and limitations. Based on the technogical importance of powder bed processes and buildup welding in terms of additive manufacturing with metals, the figure systematizes the solution area.
Techology project multiBeAM
Currently the design of components is mainly determined by the options and limitations of conventional shaping. Additive manufacturing, however, enables the creation of component geometry that is impossible to achieve using traditional production methods. This heralds a paradigm shift from components that are shaped by manufacturing demands to those shaped by functional needs. In addition to complex geometries, this gives unprecedented opportunities to influence component characteristics through the properties of locally applied materials. This constitutes an entirely new approach: producing heterogeneous composite and integral components through the tailored use of materials. Previously, multi-material components have been produced through complex processes whereby separately manufactured components are joined together or coatings are applied onto a semi-finished product. The processes of joining and coating are highly demanding, as both materials must be firmly connected without modifying the underlying material properties. Frequently, the interface between two discrete materials is a weak spot in future components due to the disparate material characteristics. If, for example, component materials have different coefficients of thermal expansion, then temperature variations can lead to significant physical stresses, resulting in minor defects or even, in the worst case, to component failure. These physical stresses can be reduced or avoided by special geometrical elements (geometric grading) or finely graduated variations in the material combination (material grading).
In addition, additive manufacturing presents an entirely new possibility of combining totally different classes of materials in one single component. Furthermore, a three-dimensional material gradient throughout the entire component cross-section can be produced in only one procedure. Compared to established composite constructions, a graded material transition accrues layer- and point-wise. Previously intractable interface problems such as the diverse thermal expansions of ceramics and metals can be solved without complex connector elements. Such multi-material concepts (metal-metal, metal-ceramic, ceramic-ceramic/polymer) are indispensable for high-tech sectors such as the aerospace, energy, optical and medical engineering industries. All of these industries are represented by various applications in multiBeAM, from individual surgical instruments and dental implants to the next generation of high efficiency turbines or engines.
Further technology projects: